Works by and about People of Color

(funded by the University of Nebraska-Lincoln and Purdue—this work also received support from a Field Development Grant awarded by the Research Society for Victorian Periodicals from the bequest of the Eileen Curran estate)


by Willis Richardson

"Compromise: A Folk Play"

PoetryGwendolyn Bennett, photograph

by Lewis Alexander


by Gwendolyn B. Bennett


by Louise Bennett

"Colonization in Reverse"

by Arna Bontemps

"The Day-Breakers"

by William Cowper

"The Negro’s Complaint"

by Countée Cullen

"A Brown Girl Dead"
"Fruit of the Flower"
"Harlem Wine"
"In Memory of Colonel Charles Young"
"She of the Dancing Feet Sings"
"Tableau""To a Brown Boy"
"To a Brown Girl"
"Youth Sings a Song of Rosebud"

by Eliza Hamilton Dunlop

"The Aboriginal Mother"

by Michael Madhusudan Dutt

"Sonnets" (assorted)

by Angelina Grimke

"The Black Finger"

by Frances Ellen Watkins Harper (headnote available)

"An Appeal to My Country Women"
"Free Labor"
"Learning to Read"
"The Slave Mother"

by Felicia Hemans (headnote available)

"I Dream of All Things Free"
"The Indian with His Dead Child"
"Indian Woman's Death-Song"

by Langston Hughes

"Dream Variation"
"An Earth Song"
"I Too"
"Minstrel Man"
"The Negro Speaks of Rivers"
"Nude Young Dancer"
"Our Land"

by E. Pauline Johnson

"The Cattle Thief"

by Georgia Douglas Johnson

"To Samuel Coleridge Taylor, Upon Hearing His"
"The Ordeal"
"The Riddle"

by Helen Johnson

"The Road"

by James Weldon Johnson

"The Creation"
"Lift Ev'ry Voice and Sing"
"Saint Peter Relates an Incident of the Ressurection Day"

by Rudyard Kipling

"The White Man's Burden"

by Henry LaBouchère

"The Brown Man's Burden"

Claude McKay, photograph

by Juan Francisco Manzano

Poems by a Slave in the Island of Cuba, Recently Liberated

by Claude McKay

"The Harlem Dancer"
"Like a Strong Tree"
"Negro Dancers"
"Russian Cathedral"
"The Tropics of New York"
"White Houses"

by Hannah More (headnote available)

"The Black Slave Trade"
"Slavery. A Poem"

by Hannah More and Eaglesfield Smith

"The Sorrows of Yamba; or, The Negro Woman’s Lamentation"

by John Newton

"Amazing Grace"

by Grace Nichols

"The Fat Black Woman Goes Shopping"

by Thomas Pringle

"Afar in the Desert"
"The Hottentot"
"Makanna's Gathering"

by Mary Robinson (headnote available)

"The Negro Girl"

by Anne Spencer

"Lady, Lady"

by Henry David Thoreau (headnote available)

"Wait not till slaves pronounce the word"

by Jean Toomer

"Georgia Dusk"
"Song of the Son"

by Derek Walcott

"A Far Cry from Africa"

by Ann Yearsley (headnote available)

"A Poem on the Inhumanity of the Slave-Trade"


by Selim Aga/Agha

Africa Considered in Its Social and Political Condition
"A Trip Up the Congo or Zaire River"
"My Parentage and Early Career as a Slave"

by Anon.

"B'rer Rabbit Fools Buzzard"
The Woman of Color, A Tale

by William Stanley Braithwaite

"The Negro in American Literature"

by Charles W. Chesnutt

The Marrow of Tradition

by Thomas Clarkson

Excerpts from The History of the Rise, Progress, and Accomplishment of the Abolition of the African Slave-Trade by the British Parliament

by Dinah Craik

"The Half-Caste"

by Quobna Ottobah Cugoano

from "from Thoughts and Sentiments on the Evil and Wicked Traffic of Slavery and Commerce of the Human Species"

by Benjamin Drew (headnote available)

A North Side View of Slavery; The Refugee, or, The Narratives of Fugitive Slaves in Canada

by W. A. Domingo

"Gift of the Black Tropics"

by Frederick Douglass (headnote available)

"The Heroic Slave"
"Letter to the Editor of The Times"
"The Meaning of July Fourth for the Negro: Speech at Rochester, New York, July 5, 1852"

by WEB Dubois, photographW.E.B. Du Bois

"The Negro Mind Reaches Out"
The Souls of Black Folk: Essays and Sketches

by Arthur Fauset

"American Negro Folk Literature"

by Jessie Fauset

"The Gift of Laughter"

by Rudolph Fisher

"The City of Refuge"

by E. Franklin Frazier

"Durham: Capital of the Black Middle Class"

by Benjamin Franklin (headnote available)

"Remarks Concerning the Savages of North America"

by James Anthony Froude

The English in the West Indies, excerpts

by Montgomery Gregory

"The Drama of Negro Life"

by Frances Ellen Watkins Harper

Iola Leroy, or, Shadows Uplifted

by Melville J. Herskovits

"The Negro's Americanism"

by Zora Neale Hurston

"Characteristics of Negro Expression"

by Harriet Jacobs

Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl: Written by Herself

by Charles S. Johnson

"The New Frontage on American Life"

by James Weldon Johnson

"Harlem: The Culture Capital"

by Elizabeth Keckley

Behind the Scenes, or Thirty Years a Slave, and Four Years in the White House

by Paul U. Kellogg

"The Negro Pioneers"

by Rudyard Kipling

"The Story of Muhammed Din"
"Without Benefit of Clergy"

by Mary Kirby

"Going to School in India"
"A Little About Caste"

Nella Larsenby Nella Larsen


Told by Cugo Lewis (brought to America from West Coast Africa, 1859)


by Richard Ligon

A True and Exact History of the Island of Barbados

by Alain Locke

"The Legacy of the Ancestral Arts"
"The Negro Spirituals"
"Negro Youth Speaks"
"The New Negro"

by Thomas Macaulay

"Minute on Indian Education"

by Juan Francisco Manzano

Poems by a Slave in the Island of Cuba, Recently Liberated [including significant prose sections]

by John Marrant (headnote availale)

from "A Narrative of the Lord’s Wonderful Dealings with John Marrant, a Black"

by Harriet Martineau (headnote availale)

from Society in America

by John Matheus


by Henry Mayhew

"Hindoo Beggar"
London Labour and the London Poor, No. 24, Of the Street-Sellers of Rhubarb and Spice (with geolocation)
London Labour and the London Poor, Vol. 3, Tom-tom Players (with geolocation)

by Henry Mayhew and Augustus Mayhew

London Labour and the London Poor, Vol. 2, Boy Crossing-Sweepers and Tumblers (with geolocation)
London Labour and the London Poor, Vol. 2, The Negro Crossing-Sweeper (with geolocation)

by Elise Johnson McDougald

"The Task of Negro Womanhood"

by Kelly Miller

"Howard: The National Negro University"

by Robert R. Moton

"Hampton-Tuskegee: Missioners of the Masses"

by T.N. Mukharji

A Visit to Europe, excerpts

by Bruce Nugent


by Mary Prince

The History of Mary Prince, a West Indian Slave Related by Herself
The History of Mary Prince, a West Indian Slave Related by Herself, excerpt

by J. A. Rogers

"Jazz at Home"

by Krupabai Satthianadhan

Kamala: A Story of Hindu Life

by Arthur A. Schomburg

"The Negro Digs Up His Past"

by Mary Seacole

The Wonderful Adventures of Mary Seacole

by Zadie Smith

"The Waiter's Wife"

Cornelia Sorabji, imageby Cornelia Sorabji

Love and Life Behind the Purdah

by Wole Soyinka

"Telephone Conversation"

by Sir Henry Morton Stanley (headnote available)

from Through the Dark Continent

by Robert Louis Stevenson (headnote available)

"The House of Temoana"

by Ngũgĩ wa Thiong'o

Decolonizing the Mind: Native African Languages, excerpts

by John Jacob Thomas

Froudcity, excerpts

by Jean Toomer

"Carma," from Cane

by Frances Trollope (headnote available)

from "Domestic Manners of the Americans"
The Life and Adventures of Jonathan Jefferson Whitlaw

by Sojourner Truth (headnote available)

"Speech at the American Equal Rights Association", May 9–10, 1867

by David Walker (headnote available)

"An Appeal to the Colored Citizens of the World"

by Eric Walrond

"The Palm Porch"
Tropic Death

by Robert Wedderburn

The Horrors of Slavery

by Walter White

"The Paradox of Color"

by John Greenleaf Whittier (headnote available)

"The Hunters of Men"
"Massachusetts to Virginia"

BRANCH Articles

Julie Barst, "The Molesworth Report"
Ann Curthoys, "Settler Self-Government versus Aboriginal Rights, 1883 - 2001"
Timothy Johns, "The 1820 Settlement Scheme to South Africa"
Priti Joshi, "Can the Indian 'Mutiny' Be Fixed?"
Isaac Land, "On the Foundings of Sierra Leone"
T.J. Tallie, "On Zulu King Cetshwayo kaMpande’s Visit to London, August 1882"
Sarah Winter, "On the Morant Bay Rebellion in Jamaica"