Mumbai (formerly Bombay) is a city on the Konkan coast of western India and India’s most populous city. It is the capital city of the Indian state of Maharashtra. The so-called Seven Islands of Bombay, which now constitute the southern part of the city of Mumbai, came under Portuguese rule in 1535, and in 1661 were part of the dowry of Catherine of Braganza when she married Charles II. The English East India Company had a strong foothold in the city in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. In 1782, the Hornby Vellard project began to reclaim the areas between the islands from the sea; the project was completed in 1845. Already an important port city, Mumbai became one of the largest seaports on the Arabian Sea following the opening of the Suez Canal in 1869. In the twentieth century, Mumbai was a strong base of Indian Independence.


Latitude: 18.938648372770
Longitude: 72.835378653835

Timeline of Events Associated with Mumbai

Date Event Manage

10 May 1857 to 20 Jun 1858

Indian Uprising

print of the hanging of two rebelsThe Indian Rebellion or Uprising, also known as the Sepoy Mutiny, began as a mutiny of sepoys of the British East India Company's army on 10 May 1857, in the town of Meerut, and soon escalated into other mutinies and civilian rebellions. It was not contained until the fall of Gwalior on 20 June 1858. Image: Felice Beato, Print of the hanging of two rebels, 1858 (albumen silver print). This image is in the public domain in the United States because its copyright has expired.


Priti Joshi, “1857; or, Can the Indian ‘Mutiny’ Be Fixed?”

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Nov 1869

Suez Canal opens

NASA image of the Suez CanalThe opening of the Suez Canal in 1869 established a far shorter and more efficient route for trade and traffic between Europe and Asia. It also gave new strategic importance to Egypt and East Africa, making knowledge and control of the interior a matter of greater urgency for various states. Image: NASA image of the Suez Canal, taken by MISR satellite on January 30, 2001. This image is in the public domain because it was created by NASA. NASA copyright policy states that "NASA material is not protected by copyright unless noted."

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