Texas is the second largest state in the United States by area. Its capital is Austin, and other major cities include Dallas, Houston, San Antonio, and Fort Worth. Before European conquest, the Texas region was home to indigineous cultures such as the Ancestral Puebloan, Uto-Aztecan Puebloan, Caddoan, and Atakapan peoples. In 1519, Spain claimed ownership of the territory that would later come to constitute the state of Texas. It was incorporated into the Mexican Empire in 1821 and declared a republic in 1836. The historic Battle of the Alamo in San Antonio occured in 1836 during the efforts for independence from Mexico. Texas made several attempts to be annexed into the United States that were finalized in 1845. Following the Mexican-American War of 1846-48, Mexico ceded Texas to the US in exchange and established the present-day borders of the state. Texas has long been known for its livestock--especially cattle production--and oil industries, as well as its arts and culture, particularly with the well-established music scene in Austin.


Latitude: 31.968598800000
Longitude: -99.901813100000