Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England

The home of Physcian Edward Jenner, the inventor of the modern vaccine. This was the sight of his famed inoculation of James Phipps, one of the most important events and breakthroughs in Public Health. Jenner actually opened a medical practice here as a part of his inoculation research.



Latitude: 51.695985600000
Longitude: -2.458395600000

Timeline of Events Associated with Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England

Date Event Manage

The Cow-Pock—or—the Wonderful Effects of the New Inoculation!

14 May 1796 to Jul 1796

The Smallpox Vaccine

On May 14, 1796, Edward Jenner inoculated an 8-year old boy named James Phipps with cowpox. The cowpox matter came from a milkmaid named Sarah Nelms. Phipps would lose his appetite and grow cold 9 days later, but took a positive turn the next day eventually recovering. Later on, in July 1796, Jenner inoculated Phipps once again, this time with matter from a smallpox lesion. Phipps did not develop smallpox in this subsequent inoculation, leading Jenner to conclude that Phipps was fully protected. For this experiment, Jenner is widely credited as the inventor of the modern vaccine, though inoculations had been done in a similar fashion before Jenner.